Although the skull bone is very sturdy, the extreme impact of a car accident can cause the skull to crack.
A serious head injury from a car accident can cause a skull fracture. Although the skull bone is very sturdy, the extreme force of a crash impact can cause the skull to crack. When someone suffers a skull fracture, the chances of a brain injury become very high.
Types and symptoms of skull fractures
There are various types of skull fractures including:
- Compound fractures: It is characterized by splintering of the bone and break in the bone or loss of skin
- Depressed skull fracture: This occurs when there is a break in the cranial bone, and the broken bone goes inwards towards the brain.
- Penetrating skull fracture: When an object pierces the skull and leaves a localized and distinct injury to the brain tissue.
- Simple skull fractures: The bone breaks, however, there is no skin damage
- Linear skull damage: A break in the cranial bone resembling a thin line, but there is no depression, distortion or splintering of the bone.
Head injuries can be particularly debilitating, so it is important that the victim seeks immediate medical attention in order to rule out a skull fracture.
Symptoms may include:
- Bump or bruising on the head
- Bleeding nose, ears, or around the eyes
- Difficulty balancing
- Slurred speech
- Bruising behind the ears or under the eyes
- Changes in pupils
- Irritability and restlessness
- Loss of consciousness
- Visual disturbances
- Stiff neck
Complications arising from skull fractures
Contusion: This happens when the brain tissue gets bruised, and the area of swollen brain tissue mixes with blood that is released from the injured blood vessels
Infections: When the point of impact is at the base or back of the skull, it can tear the layers of tissue that cover the brain. This can create an opening for bacteria to enter the brain and cause infection and damage
Hematoma: When the fracture results in damage to the major blood vessels in the head, it can cause heavy bleeding around or into the brain. This is called hematoma. There are three types of hematomas including:
- Epidural: bleeding into the area between dura and the skull
- Subdural: bleeding in the area between arachnoid membrane an dura
- Intracerebral: bleeding within the brain
Seeking legal help from a St. Louis accident lawyer
Needless to say, skull fractures are a very serious type of injury, and can be life threatening. If you have sustained a skull fracture in a car crash, you will likely need extensive treatment, which can be quite expensive. It is important that you recover all your expenses from the driver responsible for your injuries. Get in touch with a competent St. Louis car accident lawyer, who can help recover the damages that can cover all your past and future expenses arising from the accident. Call (314) 361-4242 for a FREE case evaluation.